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AY2007 發表於 2019-1-9 00:00:31 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式
中國資金技術撐起南美科技發展?
咁近美國, 點解唔學美國?
又點解美國唔一早幫下D 鄰居?

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/a ... oom-china-of-course

China’s Billions Are Powering Latin America’s Tech Boom
By pouring investment into mobile commerce, the nation has found another way to dominate where America once held sway.
As America recedes into the background, Chinese foreign direct investment in Latin America and the Caribbean has skyrocketed over the last ten years, according to a 2018 report by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. China dropped close to $90 billion in the region between 2005 and 2016. With a growing emphasis on telecommunications, Chinese investment in emerging technology is increasingly the primary fuel behind Latin America’s tech boom.
Long term, Beijing wants to cement deals with countries that are both resource-rich—a critical need for Chinese industry—and have growing consumer demand. Often, those nations and their technology firms are seeking Chinese expertise—and money.
“I became very excited when I saw the opportunity with investment and guidance from China,” Tabor said during a recent interview in New York. “Historically, Latin America has looked to Silicon Valley and New York for business, but there are innovations in China that could be even more applicable to the Latin American reality.”
Henriquez agreed. “China's influence has been very important. Latin America is more similar to China than to the U.S.,” he said in an interview. “When you go to China, you see what’s going to happen in Latin America in five more years. Today, we look at China. We look at Meituan, at Alibaba and Tencent, to see what we can do in the future.”
In 2015, the Chinese government announced a ten-year plan to increase trade with Latin America to $500 billion and investments to $250 billion. In 2017, trade between the two regions stood at $266 billion.
Groupon Latam’s success followed the sudden, mass-adoption of smartphones across Latin America. Just as the same transformation catapulted more than one billion Chinese onto the mobile internet, the same door has opened for online retailers from Mexico to Chile. Mobile users in Mexico City and Santiago appeared almost overnight, and were suddenly hungry for the same app-convenience—to order pizza, check on traffic, hail a ride—that Chinese, Europeans and Americans now take for granted.
Technology giants in China want to get in on the ground floor in Latin America’s tech explosion, and are showing up with cash. According to a report by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL), Chinese firms were the largest investor in the region in 2017, with around $18 billion—representing 42 percent of the volume in the region.
Among them are ride-hailing company Didi Chuxing, which purchased Brazil’s 99 Taxis for an undisclosed amount while also expanding into Mexico. TCL, a Chinese tech firm with a subsidiary in Argentina, entered a joint venture with Radio Victoria, one of the country’s largest consumer electronics makers. Huiyin Blockchain Venture led a round of funding for Argentinean Bitcoin payments service Ripio. And Chinese Tencent invested $180 million in Nubank, a Sao Paulo-based fintech startup with five million customers and one of the top five credit cards in Brazil.

Last year, China’s Xiaomi, known mostly for smartphones, opened stores in Colombia. Its products can already be found in Mexico, Brazil and Chile. Its continuing expansion into Latin America has relied on local brands with a strong presence, such as Movistar and Telcel, to distribute its products and build a brand. Also joining the fray is bike sharing platform Mobike, which began offering services in Mexico City and Santiago in 2018. That company was recently acquired by Meituan Dianping.
“Right now, we’re at the inflection point,” Lustig said. “There’s a massive trend of copying from China because they solved the same problems ten years ago Latin America is dealing with today: the unbanked, no-credit scores, no phone-to-suddenly having smartphones.”
In Brazil, a company called Chinnovation emerged as a sort-of dating service for Chinese investors. The company takes them on a tour of Brazil to connect with companies ripe for investment. And it’s a two-way street. In Hsieh, director of Chinnovation, said e-commerce giant Alibaba is launching an executive program in Brazil next month with its eponymous business school, targeting entrepreneurs and executives.
Margaret Myers, program director at The Dialogue for China and Latin America, said China has been priming the region for decades. With mature relationships between governments in the agricultural and mining sectors, financial integration and telecommunications in the private sector was next. The timing for companies such as Groupon Latam couldn’t be better.
China “considers itself a developing country that has experienced rapid growth and leapfrogging technologies,” Myers said. “So they understand how technological innovation in a developing market like Latin America can be achieved.”








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